ingling Li 1,2,Junping Shi and Jialiang Kou
Concrete will deteriorate and damage under sulfate attack.In order to study the degradation characteristics of HDC under sulfate attack, the mechanical properties of high-ductility concrete (HDC) were investigated using the uniaxial compressive strength test of HDC specimens soaked in different concentrations of sulfate solution and subjected to different times of dry–wet cycles.
The variations in the compressive strength, loss rate of compressive strength, and the max compressive strength under the action of sulfate attack and dry–wet cycles were analyzed. The analytical expressions of damage variables were given. SEM was used to observe the microstructure of the sample, and the microdamage mechanism of the HDC was explored.
The deterioration of the HDC was found to be the result of the combined action of sulfate attack and dry–wet cycles and was caused by physical attack and chemical attack. PVA prevented the rapid development of deterioration. On the basis of the change of compressive strength, the damage variable was established to quantitatively describe the degree of damage to HDC.
The experimental results showed that with the increase in the number of dry–wet cycles, the compressive strength of HDC generally increased first and then decreased. As the concentration of the sulfate solution increased, the loss rate of the compressive strength of HDC generally increased and the max compressive strength gradually decreased.
With the increase inthe number of dry–wet cycles, HDC first showed self-compacting characteristics and then gradually became destroyed. Compared with ordinary concrete (OC), HDC is superior to OC in sulfate resistance and dry–wet cycles. This study provided a test basis for the engineering application of HDC in sulfate attack and dry–wet cycles environment.
dry–wet cycle; damage variable; high-ductility concrete; mechanical property; sulfate attack