Ahmed M. Tahwia ,Khaled A. Helal and Osama Youssf



Basalt fiber (BF) is an environmentally friendly type of fiber that has attracted the attention of researchers in recent years due to its excellent performance in concrete constructions.

This current research was conducted to investigate the effect of chopped basalt fiber on the workability, compressive strength, and impact resistance of high-performance concrete (HPC). Three various lengths (3, 12, and 18 mm) and six volume fractions (0%, 0.075%, 0.15%, 0.3%, 0.45%, and 0.6% by concrete volume) of BF were used in producing sixteen HPC mixes.

HPC compressive strength and impact resistance were measured for each mix. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis was also conducted on selected mixes to closely investigate the effects of the applied variables through the microstructural scale. An empirical model was developed to study the relationship between the impact energy and compressive strength of BF-reinforced HPC.

The results show that adding BF improves the compressive strength and impact resistance. Compared with the control concrete, the compressive strength of the HPC reinforced with 3 mm, 12 mm, and 18 mm BF increased by 12.2%, 15.1%, and 17.5%, respectively. The impact resistance increased with a dosage of 8 kg/m3 for all lengths of BF.

The SEM observations revealed that the BF accumulated in pores and on the surface of the attached cement which improved the microstructure of the interfacial transition zone (ITZ), which further enhanced the strength and ductility of the HPC.



high-performance concrete; basalt fibers; compressive strength; impact resistance; SEM analysis