Jianwei Tu, Quan Zhao and Kui Gao



Since glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars have a lower modulus than steel bars, the design of GFRP-reinforced concrete (GFRP-RC) is often governed by the serviceability limit state (deflection and cracking) rather than the ultimate state.

A new design method has been proposed in this paper for GFRP-RC beams based on the flexure crack width. The state when the maximum flexure crack width in the tensile zone reaches the limit of 0.5 mm specified by ACI 440.1R-15 was used as the design limit state.

The concrete compressive strain at the extreme compression fiber of concrete under the design limit state was obtained by four-point bending tests of eight full-scale GFRP-RC beams and finite element analysis.

Based on the concrete compressive strain under the design limit state and cross-sectional analysis, a design method for calculating the longitudinal reinforcement ratio of GFRP-RC beams under the design limit state is proposed. This design method is proven to be feasible by the experimental and the finite element results.

In addition, the flexural capacity coefficient was discussed to investigate the safety reserve of the design method.



GFRP bars; GFRP-RC beam; flexure crack width; concrete compressive strain; design method; reinforcement ratio