Around three billion tons of cement are produced around the world each year (Guillaume, 2014), of which the majority is consumed in developing countries due to ceaselessly growing demand, attributed to their emerging economies.

In addition to the construction activities, natural disasters such as earthquakes and wars lead to the destruction of many infrastructures, increasing the constant demand for cement and cement-based materials such as mortar and concrete.

Mortar is cement mixed with fine sand, water and lime to improve the durability of the product. It is generally used as a paste that holds together other common materials of masonry construction, including bricks, concrete blocks and stone.

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