Author(s)

Janusz Kobaka

 

Abstract

With the recent and rapid development of concrete technologies and the ever-increasing use of concrete, adapting concrete to the specific needs and applications of civil engineering is necessary.

Due to economic considerations and care for the natural environment, improving the methods currently used in concrete design is also necessary. In this study, the author used principal component analysis as a statistical tool in the concrete mix design process. Using a combination of PCA variables and 2D and 3D factors has made it possible to refine concrete recipes.

Thirty-eight concrete mixes of different aggregate grades were analyzed using this method.

The applied statistical analysis showed many interesting relationships between the properties of concrete and the content of its components such as the clustering of certain properties, showing dependence between the properties and the quantities of certain ingredients in concrete, and reducing noise in the data, which most importantly simplifies interpretation.

This method of analysis can be used as an aid for concrete mix design.

 

Keywords

concrete mix design; PCA; compressive strength; splitting tensile strength; consistency
1. Introduction

 

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