Ahmed H. Elbelbisi 1,2,Alaa A. El-Sisi, Hilal A. Hassan, Hani A. Salim and Hesham F. Shabaan
A sustainable environment can be achieved by strengthening the existing building to avoid new construction and by replacing the construction materials with long-lasting sustainable materials such as a fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP).
Using post-tensioned (PT) FRP systems has proven to be an effective technique in strengthening the structure and decreasing cracks and deformability. In this study, a 3-D finite element model was built to investigate the flexural behavior of composite beams strengthened with external PT FRP tendons.
Limited research studied the use of FRP tendons to enhance the structural behavior of composite beams. This paper represents a comprehensive study of the effect of several parameters that control the design of the FRP tendons.
Parameters such as PT level, tendon material, tendon length, degree of shear connection (DOSC), and tendon profile shape were considered under loading. The 3-D model’s correctness is validated using published experimental data.
It was observed that of all FRP materials, carbon FRP is the best type for upgrading the beam strength, and it was recommended to use a 30 to 40% PT level. In addition, applying external PT over the full length of the beam increases the ultimate load capacity significantly.
However, due to the difficulty of construction, it was recommended to use 90% of the beam span length since the difference in beam capacity does not exceed 5%. Finally, adding PT tendons with a trapezoidal and parabola profile to composite beams significantly increases the yield load and the beam capacity.
composite beams; CFRP; tendon profile; shear connector; post-tension; finite element; ANSYS