So Momose; Takafumi Nakagawa; Tokikatsu Namba; Hiroshi Isoda, M.ASCE



Understanding the seismic resistance mechanisms and safety limits of cross-laminated timber (CLT) buildings and performing an accurate evaluation of their seismic performance is critical in earthquake-prone areas such as Japan, the US, and Italy to ensure that human lives are protected against major earthquakes.

However, the knowledge from shaking table tests of full-scale CLT buildings is limited, and most tests’ maximum interstory drift is less than 4%. As a first step toward collapse analysis, this study replicated a full-scale two-story shake table experiment with a maximum interstory drift of 8.77%.

The analysis software was developed by the authors and modified to consider the restoring force and the P–δ
effect to replicate seismic behavior at large deformation. The skeleton curve parameters were employed in the analysis model and then changed.

The results that matched the experimental results well were searched comprehensively by performing data assimilation. As a result, both the overall behavior (story shear force–interstory drift relationship) and the detailed behavior (uplift displacement of CLT wall foot of the first story) were consistent with the experimental results,

indicating that the proposed analytical method can replicate the seismic behavior of CLT buildings even at large deformation.