Akram M. Mhaya, Shahiron Shahidan, Sharifah Salwa Mohd Zuki, Ghasan Fahim Huseien, Mohamad Azim Mohammad Azmi, Mohammad Ismail and Jahangir Mirza



Given that rubber tires are almost immune to biological degradation, this vast amount of solid waste is a major environmental concern worldwide.

Reuse of these waste tires in the construction industry is one of the strategies to minimize their environmental pollution and landfill problems, while contributing to more economical building design. Thus, we assessed the improved traits of rubberized concrete made by combining palm oil fuel ash (POFA) with tire rubber aggregates (TRAs).

Studies on the effects of POFA inclusion on the durability properties of rubberized concrete with TRAs as the replacement agent for fine or coarse aggregates remain deficient. Herein, the rubberized concrete contained 20% POFA as ordinary Portland cement (OPC) substitute, and various amounts of TRAs (5, 10, 20 and 30%).

The proposed mixes enclosing three types of TRAs (fiber, fine and coarse aggregates) were characterized to determine their durability and acoustic performance. The water absorption, fire endurance performance, chloride penetration, and acoustic properties of the proposed concrete were evaluated.

The designed concrete showed a systematic increase in water absorption and chloride penetration with the increase in rubber amount and particle size. These POFA-modified rubberized concretes displayed a satisfactory performance up to 500 °C, and superior acoustic properties in terms of sound absorption.

The presence of TRA as 30% coarse aggregate replacement was found to improve the sound absorption properties by as much as 42%.



POFA; TRAs; durability; fire endurance; sound absorption