Asaad M. Armanuos, Hossam E. Moghazy, Martina Zeleňáková and Zaher Mundher Yaseen



Among the well-known approaches for controlling seawater intrusion during extensive freshwater abstraction from coastal aquifers is the construction of subsurface dams.

In the current research, the SEAWAT code is being implemented to examine the impact of groundwater extraction on the effectiveness of a damaged subsurface dam for controlling saltwater intrusion.

Simulations were performed numerically to check impact of the subsurface dam height, dam location, well height, well location, abstraction rate, fracture aperture, fracture location, seawater density and fracture dimension on the effectiveness of subsurface dam as a countermeasure to prevent saltwater intrusion in coastal aquifers.

Increasing the abstraction rate from 1 × 10−6 to 5 × 10−6 m3/s caused the seawater to advance more into the freshwater, and the loss of effectiveness increased.

The minimum and maximum value of loss of subsurface dam effectiveness was recorded to be 34.6% to 93%, respectively, for the abstraction rates from the well equal 1 × 10−6 and 5 × 10−6 m3/s, consequentially. When the dimensionless value of well height location Lw/Ld is increased from 1.0 to 2.0, the effectiveness of the subsurface dam is reduced by around 20%.

The findings demonstrate that the well location, well depth, abstraction rate, location of the dam, fracture aperture, and density of saltwater all affect the effectiveness impairment of the fractured subsurface dam for controlling saltwater intrusion. Decision makers could use findings of this research to better manage groundwater resources in coastal aquifers.



saltwater intrusion control; groundwater abstraction; concrete subsurface dam; fracture; abstraction well; loss of effectiveness; abstraction rate