Muhammad Nasir Amin, Waqas Ahmad, Kaffayatullah Khan, Ayaz Ahmad, Sohaib Nazar andAnas Abdulalim Alabdullah



Incorporating waste material, such as recycled coarse aggregate concrete (RCAC), into construction material can reduce environmental pollution. It is also well-known that the inferior properties of recycled aggregates (RAs), when incorporated into concrete, can impact its mechanical properties, and it is necessary to evaluate the optimal performance.

Accordingly, artificial intelligence has been used recently to evaluate the performance of concrete compressive behaviour for different types of construction material. Therefore, supervised machine learning techniques, i.e., DT-XG Boost, DT-Gradient Boosting, SVM-Bagging, and SVM-Adaboost, are executed in the current study to predict RCAC’s compressive strength.

Additionally, SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) analysis shows the influence of input parameters on the compressive strength of RCAC and the interactions between them. The correlation coefficient (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE) are used to assess the model’s performance.

Subsequently, the k-fold cross-validation method is executed to validate the model’s performance. The R2 value of 0.98 from DT-Gradient Boosting supersedes those of the other methods, i.e., DT- XG Boost, SVM-Bagging, and SVM-Adaboost. The DT-Gradient Boosting model, with a higher R2 value and lower error (i.e., MAE, RMSE) values, had a better performance than the other ensemble techniques.

The application of machine learning techniques for the prediction of concrete properties would consume fewer resources and take less time and effort for scholars in the respective engineering field.

The forecasting of the proposed DT-Gradient Boosting models is in close agreement with the actual experimental results, as indicated by the assessment output showing the improved estimation of RCAC’s compressive strength. View Full-Text



pollution; waste; aggregate; concrete; building; construction