Jawad Ahmad, Ali Majdi, Ahmed Farouk Deifalla, Hisham Jahangir Qureshi, Muhammad Umair Saleem, Shaker M. A. Qaidi 6ORCID and Mohammed A. El-Shorbagy 7ORCID



According to the authors’ best information, the majority of research focuses on other waste materials, such as recycling industrial waste (glass, silica fume, marble and waste foundry sand), etc.

However, some researchers suggest dune sand as an alternative material for concrete production, but knowledge is still scarce. Therefore, a comprehensive review is required on dune sand to evaluate its current progress as well as its effects on the strength and durability properties of concrete.

The review presents detailed literature on dune sand in concrete. The important characteristics of concrete such as slump, compressive, flexural, cracking behaviors, density, water absorption and sulfate resistance were considered for analysis.

Results indicate that dune sand can be used in concrete up to 40% without any negative effect on strength and durability.

The negative impact of dune sand on strength and durability was due to poor grading and fineness, which restricts the complete (100%) substation of dune sand. Furthermore, a decrease in flowability was observed. Finally, the review highlights the research gap for future studies.



dune sand; compressive strength; tensile strength; fine aggregate; durability