Muhammad Monowar Hossain, Safat Al-Deen, Md Kamrul Hassan, Sukanta Kumer Shill, Md Abdul Kader and Wayne Hutchison



Over the years, leaked fluids from aircraft have caused severe deterioration of airfield pavement. The combined effect of hot exhaust from the auxiliary power unit of military aircraft and spilt aviation oils have caused rapid pavement spalling.

If the disintegrated concreted pieces caused by spalling are sucked into the jet engine, they may cause catastrophic damage to the aircraft engine or physical injury to maintenance crews. This study investigates the effectiveness of incorporating hybrid fibres into ordinary concrete to improve the residual mechanical and thermal properties to prevent spalling damage of pavement.

Three fibre-reinforced concrete samples were made with micro steel fibre and polyvinyl alcohol fibre with a fibre content of zero, 0.3%, 0.5% and 0.7% by volume fraction. These samples were exposed to recurring high temperatures and aviation oils. Tests were conducted to measure the effects of repeated exposure on the concrete’s mechanical, thermal and chemical characteristics.

The results showed that polyvinyl alcohol fibre-, steel fibre- and hybrid fibre-reinforced concrete suffered a 52%, 40% and 26.23% of loss of initial the compressive strength after 60 cycles of exposure to the conditions. Moreover, due to the hybridisation of concrete, flexural strength and thermal conductivity was increased by 47% and 22%. Thus, hybrid fibre-reinforced concrete performed better in retaining higher residual properties and exhibited no spalling of concrete.



hybrid fibre-reinforced concrete; thermal conductivity; spalling; residual mechanical strength