Elisabeth Poubel Grieco, MSc Licínio da Silva Portugal, PhD Rosane Martins Alves, PhD



Although high-strength concrete (HSC) has higher compressive strength than normal-strength concrete (NSC), its application in column construction is often limited by its brittleness and limited post-peak ductility.

In this preliminary study, hybrid fibre engineered cementitious composite (ECC) is proposed as a potential encasement material to confine the HSC core and to increase the column’s ductility. The behaviours of the proposed ECC-encased concrete stub column under axial compression are studied experimentally.

Thirty stub columns, including six NSC/HSC, six ECC and 18 ECC-encased NSC/HSC (ECC–NSC/HSC) are tested under axial compression.The effects of ECC strength, ECC encasement thickness, concrete strength and cross-section shapes (circular, square and rectangular) are then investigated and reported in terms of failure modes, strength ratios, post-peak ductility and energy dissipation capacity of the stub columns.

It is found that, when comparing with NSC/HSC stub columns, although no significant improvement in the ultimate strength was observed, the ECC encasement improved the performance of ECC–NSC/HSC stub columns by reducing brittleness and improving the post-peak behaviour during failure.


compressive strength failure testing, structural elements