Ammar Ali Abed,Alireza Mojtahedi and Mohammad Ali Lotfo



Nowadays, admixtures are used with the aim to provide strength and durability to concrete with less water use. New and low-cost admixtures gained a large amount of consideration to mitigate the problems associated with concrete’s durability and service life without upsetting its strength properties.

The current work investigates the effect of three types of acetates on the workability, density, and compressive strength of concrete, which is used in structures of the Iraqi ports that suffer from corrosion damages and deterioration owing to the aggressive marine environments.

Potassium acetate (KA), calcium acetate (CaA), and ethyl acetate (EA) are incorporated with different doses (1.38–5.6 wt.% of cement) in concrete mixtures using different water/cement ratios (0.48–0.54) based on an espoused central composite experimental design.

The experimental results confirmed that the average workability increased with increasing the acetate dose, particularly with CaA. The density and compressive strength of 28 days of water-cured mixtures increased with increasing acetate dose following the order: Ca > K > Ethyl acetate and decreased with increasing w/c ratio.

The high rise in compressive strength and workability linked to control mixtures was 30.8% and 77.3% as well as 15.7% and 64.3% for the mixtures incorporated with 5.6 wt.% CaA and KA, respectively. While it was 14.2% and 58.3% for the mixtures incorporated with 3.5 wt.% EA. RSM was employed to optimize and model the design and hardened properties of concrete mixtures.

ANOVA results predicted the same trend, which was obtained from the experimental results. The mathematical models were valued with high-regression coefficients.

The highest compressive strength of 42.68 MPa has been achieved for a concrete mixture of 0.48 w/c ratio by the incorporation of 5.1 wt.% CaA through a model with R2 96.97%. The relatively low-cost acetate admixtures, particularly CaA, seemed promising for the fabrication of concrete with outstanding properties.



acetates; compressive strength; concrete; optimization; response surface methodology; workabilityREAD MORE