At present, precast buildings have become the focus of the building industrialization, and the precast concrete frame structure has been widely used in the construction industry.

On this background, a novel precast concrete frame with a bolt connection joint was proposed in this paper.The novel connections include connection steel plates, bolts and rubber layers. To investigate the seismic performance of the precast structure, two full-scale, precast, cruciform, reinforced concrete specimens, and a monolithic counterpart, are tested under reversed cyclic loading.

For the precast specimens, two different thickness rubber layers are applied in the connection region, respectively. Seismic behavior was evaluated based on failure mode, hysteretic behavior, stiffness degeneration, ductility and energy dissipation. The results indicated that precast specimens had almost the same ultimate bearing capacity as the cast-in-place ones, and the failure mode is also the same.

The precast specimens satisfied the strong column-weak beam design concept. Additionally, the initial stiffness is obviously decreased by adding rubber washers at the joint region, showing a semi-rigid characteristic. At the end of this paper, an equivalent stiffness computation method of the precast joint is discussed.