y Ashish Shukla, Nakul Gupta, Saurav Dixit, Nikolai Ivanovich Vatin, Manish Gupta 4, Kuldeep Kumar Saxena 5ORCID and Chander Prakash



The goal of this study is to improve concrete’s efficiency by using a microbiologically produced specific growth/filler. One such way of thinking has resulted in the invention of a highly unusual concrete known as microbial concrete, which uses bacteria to cure flaws in the concrete.

Investigators working with various microorganisms suggested several microbial concretes. The bacterium “Pseudomonas” was used in this experiment. Pseudomonas bacteria, which can make calcite precipitates on a proper medium supplied with a calcium supply, is a typical science lab bacterium for calcite generation.

Two different concentrations (106 cfu/mL and 107 cfu/mL) of bacteria were added to cement concrete and it was observed that the bacterial concrete with two different concentrations gives results as compared with normal concrete.

According to the findings of this investigation, the inclusion of bacteria resulted in a considerable increase in compressive strength when the dilution factor was 106 cells per ml of mixed water. With the incorporation of the microorganisms, it was discovered that holes were partly filled up by material growth, as shown by scanning electron micrography inspection of the sample.

Concrete cubes without and with the inclusion of bacteria were molded, and it was discovered that the compressive strength of the cubes with the injection of microorganisms increased significantly.

In this study, concrete cylinders without and with the inclusion of microorganisms were molded, and it was discovered that the split tensile strength of the cylinders with the injection of microorganisms increased significantly above the control.

When compared with regular concrete, the results showed a maximum increase of 16 percent in compressive strength and a maximum increase of 12 percent in split tensile strength.

It was discovered via durability testing that bacterial concrete had less weight loss and stronger tensile strength than conventional concrete when treated with 5 percent H2SO4 or 5 percent MgSO4 compared with control concrete.



concrete; concrete surface treatment; bacteria; curing; mechanical properties; eco-friendly