Mazin Diwan Abdullah,Fareed Hameed MajeedORCID and Samoel Mahdi Saleh



In order to improve the strength of concrete structures, the fiber reinforcement of concrete has become an essential factor.

This study was conducted as an experimental program to gain a better understanding of how the variance of fiber shape and type affect the structural performance of solid and hollow reinforced concrete beams using four types of fiber (hooked-end, straight, corrugated steel fiber, and polyolefin fiber) under torsion.

For this purpose, ten fiber-reinforced concrete beam specimens, five solid and five hollow, with square cross sections were fabricated using the adopted types of fiber. The role of fiber type in the improvement of the mechanical properties of hardened concrete was also investigated.

The results revealed that the mechanical properties of the hardened concrete mix was enhanced by using the existing fiber in concrete, and the higher improvement was shown in the splitting tensile strength test and modulus of rapture in specimens with corrugated steel fiber.

The torsional behavior of solid and hollow beams was improved significantly, and the capacity of torsional strength was especially improved for the beams strengthened with corrugated steel fiber. Straight and polyolefin fiber showed a slight improvement in the concrete mechanical properties and less enhancement in the torsional capacity of the tested beams.

However, the tested beams reinforced by polyolefin fiber provide better ductility under torsion compared with the use of other types of fiber. View Full-Text



torsional capacity; fiber reinforcement; cracking torque; steel fibers; polyolefin fiber