Ali R. Estabragh Amir Kazemi Akbar A. Javadi Mohammad Moghadas
In this research study the effects of calcium and magnesium ions on stabilisation of a clay soil were studied by conducting a set of laboratory tests.
A special apparatus was employed for carrying out the tests under constant voltage and time. During the tests, solutions of calcium chloride (CaCl2) or magnesium chloride (MgCl2) with different concentrations were injected into the soil samples.
The electro-osmotic and electrokinetics methods were used for stabilisation of the soil and the results were compared with each other.
In the electro-osmotic technique, distilled water was used as pore fluid, but in the electrokinetic method, calcium chloride or magnesium chloride solutions with various concentrations were injected into the pores of soil samples. The results revealed an increase in strength of the soil in both methods.
In the electrokinetic method, the amount of increase in strength was a function of concentration of the solution that was used. The results also indicated that a solution of calcium chloride is more effective in increasing the strength, discharge flow and electro-osmotic permeability than a magnesium chloride solution at various concentrations.
In addition, the variations of these properties are a function of the concentration of the given solution.
environment geotechnical engineering land reclamation