Following the devastating fire that destroyed a significant section of France’s beloved Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral in April, 2019, the French government has finally decided what form its restoration will take. The cathedral will now be rebuilt exactly as it was before – or at least as close as is possible – and to an ambitious deadline.

In the months that followed the destruction of the cathedral’s roof and spire in the blaze, French President Emmanuel Macron had suggested its replacement could be a contemporary design and his government announced a competition to design a replacement. Architecture firms from around the world then rushed to enter proposals, ranging from tasteful to completely off-the-wall ideas, including a glowing glass roof and a sustainable rooftop garden.