Yang Li, Jiaqi Chai, Ruijun Wang, Yu Zhou and Xiaogen Tong
As the number of discarded tyres continues to increase, causing serious environmental problems, the need of recycling the waste tyre rubber become extremely urgent in worldwide.
Today, there is an increasing focus on recyclable materials. The reuse of waste tyre rubber in concrete contributes to sustainable development. In the past 10 years, numerous experiments on the recovery of rubber from waste tyres to produce concrete products have been conducted.
In this review, we conclude the major achievement of rubberized concrete (RC) durability, discuss and analyse the influence of rubber replacement rates, replacement patterns, particle size and treatment methods.
Results show that an increase in rubber content can improve the chloride penetration resistance, acid and sulphate attack resistance, freeze–thaw resistance, and alkali–silica reaction damage resistance of concrete, and the content of 5–20% has a significant improvement effect.
Rubber replacing fine aggregate is the best scheme for durability, followed by cement and coarse aggregate. In addition, the recommended rubber particle size is 0–3 mm. However, the rubber particle has adverse effects on abrasion resistance, impermeability, water absorption resistance and carbonation resistance.
The pre-treatment of rubber or the addition of supplementary cementitious materials are effective and viable ways of improving the durability of RC. Further research is needed on the long-term durability of RC, as well as on ductility, energy absorption, and thermal and corrosion resistance.
rubberized concrete; crumb rubber; durability property; rubber surface treatment; rubber size; rubber content